Diabetes and Women  

November 14, 2017 0 Comments EDITORIAL 52 Views
Diabetes and Women  

Shere-e-Kashmir Institute of Medical Sconces, Soura, Srinagar (SKIMS) does not provide many facilities in addition to consultation, diet counseling, and admissions in complicated subjects. There is a great that government can do as far as the awareness regarding the diabetes is concerned. World diabetes day (WDD) is being observed every year on 14th November, this day marks the birth day of famous Noble Laurite Frederick Banting who along with three more scientists Charles Best, John Maclead and Bertram Collip discovered insulin. Discovery of insulin was a turning point in the life of people. Before the discovery of insulin, starvation was the only treatment available for people with diabetes and most of the affected people would die soon after developing the disease. Theme and focus of this year’s slogan for WDD is women and diabetes – Our right to a healthy future. In addition to some other commonly seen diseases, diabetes also is increasingly seen in women especially those from developing countries. Women face increasing risk of diabetes and its complications because of certain social, cultural, and economic trends. This is because of multiple factors; women live in poverty (by age 65, women are twice as likely as men to be poor); women lack access to health care; are overweight and do not exercise regularly. Stigmatization and discrimination faced by people with diabetes are particularly pronounced for girls and women, who carry a double burden of discrimination because of their health status and the inequalities perpetrated in male-dominated societies. These inequalities can discourage girls and women from seeking diagnosis and proper treatment thus preventing them from achieving positive health outcomes. In developing countries, higher prevalence of diabetes and obesity is seen in women than men. Prevalence of abdominal obesity (preferential deposition of fat in abdomen) also is more common in women than men. Multiple factors are responsible for higher prevalence of diabetes and obesity in women. Polycystic ovarian disease (disease of young girls, characterized by menstrual irregularities; excessive hair growth at unwanted sites; acne and small cysts in ovaries) is quite common, in addition to the above symptoms; associated obesity and insulin resistance predispose them to diabetes later in life.  Women with diabetes have difficulties in conjugal life, difficulty in conceiving and upon conception are predisposed to repeated abortions. Pregnancy has an adverse effect on glucose metabolism. Pregnancy especially after first few weeks leads to insulin resistance and frank diabetes in some cases.

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