Indian & Pakistani Stand On Independent Kashmir -11

Dr G.M. Athar
November 11, 2017 OPINION 361 Views
Indian & Pakistani Stand On Independent Kashmir -11

Like Pakistan, India too has been reluctant to accept the ground reality in Kashmir. On 2nd November 1947, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru declared in his address on All India Radio that once the soil of Kashmir is cleared from the infiltrators, the people’s wishes would be ascertained on the question of state’s accession with India. Subsequently a few years later he said India can afford to give Kashmir to Pakistan but is unprepared to make it an independent country. Mrs. Inndira Gandhi was not willing to even concede to restore 1952-position of the centre-state relations in the Jammu and Kashmir State. When the Beigh-Parthasarthy Accord was to be signed in 1974, on the question of changing the nomenclature of Chief Minister to Wazir-e-Azam and Governor to Sadr-e-Riysat Mrs. Gandhi said the needles of the clock can’t be rewind back. Another Prime Minister of India, Shri Narsimha Rao declared from Burkina Faso in 1996 that ‘the sky is the limit’ for proposed autonomy for Jammu and Kashmir State but in the words of Farooq Abdullah, the former Chief Minister of the state, the limit was not even a few feet high from the ground. What the Narsimha Rao government offered after so much bloodshed in the state was to restore the pre-1965 nomenclature of Wazir-e-Azam and Sadr-e-Riyasat in the state.
Shri Atal Bihari Vajpayee as the Prime Minister of India represented a human face of India and he was looked upon with great expectations by the people of Jammu and Kashmir. The signing of Lahore Declaration in 1999 and the opening up of Srinagar-Muzaffarabad Road in 2002 were the two great confidence building measures taken during his rule. Had the hawks in his party not disappointed him he would have also signed the Agra Declaration with President Parvaiz Musharaf in July 2001 that could have given the people of Jammu and Kashmir a sigh of relief. According to Mr A.S.Dulat, the present National Security Advisor of India, Shri L. K.Advani was an architect of the Agra Summit between India and Pakistan and he was its destroyer. The present BJP Government led by Shri Narender Modi has a policy dilemma on Kashmir. On the one hand Shri Rajnath Singh declared that by 2022 we will resolve Kashmir issue on permanent basis but on the other hand Dr Jitender Singh the Minister of State in Prime Minister’s Office said there is no problem in Kashmir. In response to former Home Minister Shri P. Chidambaram’s statement regarding the grant of Greater Autonomy to Jammu and Kashmir, Shri Narender Modi labeled him as a supporter of the separatists.
The above mentioned facts speak volumes about the mind of Indian establishment regarding the Kashmir issue. New Delhi has throughout tried to conceal the truth about the political reality in Jammu and Kashmir. The people demanding their right of self-determination to establish an Independent Jammu and Kashmir are called a fringe element in the Kashmiri society. Pakistan is equally damaging the Kashmir Cause by portraying the ongoing political struggle in Kashmir as a struggle for integrating Kashmir with Pakistan. The Islamabad has banned the circulation of books in Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan written by JKLF leaders like Amanuallah Khan and Dr Shbbir Choudhry.
If the two countries believe that their control over the two parts of Jammu and Kashmir State is legitimate and they enjoy the popular support, why the two countries are not prepared to hold a referendum in their respects parts of the state?


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