J&K on No 2 in Indian states where people live in 3+ roomed homesKerala has India's largest homes, urban Maharashtra smallest | Of 900 million surveyed, 630 million live in rural areas

July 6, 2016 TOP STORIES 510 Views

A survey conducted by the government of India has put Jammu and Kashmir on number two, just after Kerala, among Indian states where people live in three or more roomed homes.
According to a survey done by Sample Registration System of the Census of India, about 900 million Indians, or nearly 75 per cent of India’s households – with an average family size of five – live in two rooms or less. The data on the average size of rooms is not available with the Census of India.
The survey, released by the government in June 2016, revealed that there does not appear to be a correlation between income and the size of homes, with some of India’s poorer states boasting larger homes than richer states and vice versa.
“Of the 900 million, 630 million, or more than half of all households, live in rural areas. 262 million out of these, or 20 per cent, live in urban areas. No more than 106 million urban households, or 9 per cent of all Indian households, live in homes with more than three rooms,” the survey has found.
About 185 million Indians in rural areas, or 15 per cent of all Indian households, live in houses with three or more rooms. Kerala has India’s largest homes. The people of Kerala – India’s seventh-richest by per capita income – live in India’s largest homes.
As many as 79 per cent of rural households and 84 per cent of the urban population in Kerala live in houses with more than three rooms, data from the 2014 baseline survey for Sample Registration System of the Census of India shows.
Kerala is followed by Jammu and Kashmir and Assam – 21st and 27th in terms of per capita income – with 66 per cent and 34 per cent rural, and 60 per cent and 45 per cent of the urban population living in relatively larger houses.
Jharkhand, Telangana and Andhra Pradesh are the only states among the 23 big states for which the data has been released where more than half of all families live in two-room houses, both in rural and urban areas.
In Tamil Nadu, Bihar and West Bengal, 48 per cent, 44 per cent and 43 per cent of the population lives in one room or no room – which could mean they are homeless.
Urban Maharashtra has the smallest houses. Of India’s states, Maharashtra has the highest proportion of urban population that is homeless or lives in one room: Half.
Maharashtra also has the maximum proportion of urban slum units (blocks of population living in slums), with 53 per cent of all homes in slums, largely due to the slums that proliferate in the Mumbai metropolitan region, home to about 19 million people.
With 43 per cent of its urban population living in one room or homeless, Tamil Nadu follows Maharashtra; West Bengal is next with 38 per cent homeless or in one-room homes.

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