NITI Aayog report says J&K is fast improving on health

Abid Hussain/Srinagar
February 10, 2018 TOP STORIES 102 Views
NITI Aayog report says J&K is fast improving on health

The Jammu and Kashmir (J&K) has witnessed maximum annual incremental performance among 21 larger states in India, according to a comprehensive health index report ‘Healthy States Progressive India’ released by NITI Aayog on Friday in Delhi.
The report said that the J&K saw maximum annual incremental performance in indicators such as Neonatal Mortality Rate (NMR), Under-five Mortality Rate (U5MR), full immunization coverage, institutional deliveries, and People Living with HIV (PLHIV) on Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART).
The report ranks states and Union territories innovatively on their year-on-year incremental change in health outcomes, as well as, their overall performance with respect to each other.
The J&K ranked at second, which has shown good incremental progress on health outcomes of NMR (26 to 20 per 1000 live births), U5MR (35 to 28 per 1000 live births), full immunization coverage (90 to 100 percent) and PLHIV on ART (89 to 96 percent).
The report released jointly by the CEO, NITI Aayog, Amitabh Kant, Secretary, Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Preeti Sudan and World Bank India Country Director, Junaid Ahmad noted that the state of J&K secured second position in larger states with (up 6.83 points), while Jharkhand ranked top (up 6.87 points) and Uttar Pradesh stayed at third position (up 5.55 points).
According to the index, the J&K saw the largest positive incremental change (10.05) followed by Uttar Pradesh (7.13) and Jharkhand (6.89).
However, in terms of overall levels of performance, the Himalayan regions remained in the bottom two-third of the range of Index scores, with Kerala (76.55), Punjab (65.21) and Tamil Nadu (63.38), said the report.
The report has been developed by NITI Aayog, with technical assistance from the World Bank noted, the J&K is one of the five states, which improved its position from base to reference year and the most significant progress was also observed in Himalayan state, which moved up by four positions in the ranking.
As per the report, the most progressive decline in the NMR was observed in J&K and Himachal Pradesh, where the decline was approximately 23 to 24 percent. While J&K also recorded significant decline (between 9 to 20 percent) in U5MR between the base year (2014) and the reference year (2015).
According to the index, out of the 29 states, only three states including J&K achieved the global target, set by National Health Policy to ensure that 90 percent of all people tested positive for HIV receive sustained ART.
Meanwhile, Kerala, Punjab and Tamil Nadu have been ranked on top in overall health index.
The report further added, Jharkhand is the top most improved state and has showed maximum gains in improvement of health outcome.
As per the index, among smaller states, Manipur ranked first in terms of annual incremental performance and second in terms of overall performance. Among Smaller States, Mizoram (73.70) followed by Manipur (57.78) are the best overall performers.
In the NITI Aayog report, the states and Union Territories (UFs) have been ranked in three categories namely, larger states, smaller states, and UTs, to ensure comparison among similar entities.

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