Racism and Casteism are the evils that repeatedly try to engulf society. The Racism and Casteism are not newly coined terms as people have been through these problems from time to time. Racism is defined as ‘poor treatment of people because of their race while as Casteism is a blind group loyalty towards one’s own caste or sub-caste, which does not care for the interests of other castes, and seeks to realize the social, economic, political and other interests of its own group’. Where Racism leads to suppression of people because of their physical characteristics, Casteism leads the members of one caste to exploit the members of other caste for their own vested interest in the name of superiority or inferiority. Where Nelson Mandela is considered symbol of struggle against Racism, B.R Ambedkar is credited to have played key role in abolition of Caste System (Casteism).
With the rapid growth of these problems, some countries and organizations amended their constitutions and charters to deal with these growing menaces. Our Constitution introduced article 14-18 dealing with Right to Equality, to cope with this evil .It is secondary question that their implementation is considered necessary or not? But these attempts deserve applause.
Interestingly, Modern World has become concerned about such issues in 20th century, but our religion has given sense about it 1400 years ago. If I would say Islam is first religion that has uprooted and objected such evils, it wouldn’t be mistake.
Islam protects honor. In religion Islam, insulting others or making fun of them on the basis on caste, creed, race etc has not been permitted. Merciful Prophet (pbuh) says; truly your blood, your property and your honor are inviolable (Al-Buhkari). The life, property and honor in Islamic state and Islamic concept are considered sacred irrespective of your race and caste.
Prophet (pbuh) says; Your God is one and your forefather (Adam) is one. An Arab is not better than non-arab and non-arab is not better than arab. And a red (i.e white tinged with red) person is not superior to black and black is not better than red, except in piety (Musnad Ahmad). Islam gives clear message, that God created human beings as equals, who are to be distinguished from each other only on the basis of faith and piety and this categorical message eradicates concept of Racism and Casteism.
History has witnessed the era, when white-faced ‘Abubakr (R.a)’ and Black Faced Bilal e Habshi (R.a)’ used to sit side by side in same row and same place while in Mosque of Medina. History has also been evident, when all people, Arabian or non-Arabian, rich or poor, Master or Slave, used to assemble at same place, sit in same row and used to perform salah behind same leader (imam) or that will continue till judgement day. On this Allama Iqbal said: Aek Hi Saff Mein Khade Ho Gaye Mehmood o Ayaz : Na Koie Banda Raha aur Na Koie Banda Nawaz (King and slave are in same row ,bowing before one God,under leadership of one Imam ,Now there is hardly any difference between the two). Apart from this, Prophet (pubh) denounced and opposed the concept of Racism and Casteism, not only vocally, but practically too and furnished honor to a number of occupations (upon which castes are based) that people treat inferior to practice.
Let me cite few facts in this regard:-
Shoe repairing is nowadays considered low grade occupation and people practicing it are commonly called Cobblers. But when we look at biography of Prophet (saw), we find Prophet (pubh) repairing his sandal himself. (Adab ul Mufrad) A common man confuses, besides having thousands of companions, ready to sacrifice everything, even life for him; why beloved Prophet (PBUH) cobbles his sandal himself?
In fact Merciful Prophet (saw) conveys message that after my era ; Elites may deprecate and offend shoe shiners & repairers, but they need to remember it has been the profession of Leaders of Thousands , The Muhammad (Pbuh). Had this been low quality profession, Leader of Ummah would not have practiced it. Authentic ahadith are testimony; Prophet (saw) dignified Goat farming, by practicing it. Prophet (Saw ) reared goats and milked his goat (Musnad Ahmad) , just to clear people , not to consider this job inferior ,it has been the job of the sublime person ‘about whom Allah says : We have sent you not but as a mercy for the ‘Alameen (Mankind, Jinn and all that exists).(Qur’an: Sura Al-Anbiya).In nutshell, Biography of Prophet (saw) provide ample evidence that prophet (saw) was first anti-Racist & anti-casteist.
To summarize, it is Islam that provides a perfect harmony between the individual and society holding both in concert with each other which lays foundation of a new religious aspect ‘Islamic Sociology’
Need of hour is to be obedient to Allah and Follow Teachings and way of Beloved Muhammad (pbuh) that is only the solution to present day problems .Let’s pledge to be faithful to Allah and promote and propagate the true message of Islam ( based on loyalty, love ,peace compassion and affection) ,which is being demonized on every platform.
Writer is post graduate student of Zoology