The directionless Kashmiri nation

Need for self- introspection

Dr G.M. Athar
October 29, 2016 OPINION 511 Views
The directionless Kashmiri nation

Politicians in Kashmir are obsessed with UN Resolutions on Jammu and Kashmir to such an extent that unless they won’t refer to these resolutions in their public speeches and press statement, their food won’t digest properly. The matter fact is this that there is nothing in store in them for the people of Kashmir who are making all kinds of sacrifices for ”aazadi’ (complete freedom).The UN Resolutions do not uphold the right of self-determination of the people of Jammu and Kashmir in its absolute sense but subjects them to opt for either India or Pakistan. There is no mention of the option for people to vote for their independent nationhood.
In fact these are resolutions are meant for those people Kashmir who are fed up with India and want to accede to Pakistan. A recent survey has indicated that only 5% people of Kashmir want accession with Pakistan. The pro-Pakistan people in Kashmir at no point of time since the passing of Pakistan Resolution in1940 are in double digit number so on what basis they are harping on UN Resolutions. The Pakistan lovers are unrealistic if not undemocratic. This fringe element in Kashmir has every right to love Pakistan, but at the same time it should try to adjust itself with the broad empirical reality in Kashmir. Whether the people achieve complete ”Aazadi” or ”Greater Autonomy” is a secondary question but the primary question is why the Pakistan allied politicians are misleading the freedom loving people in Kashmir by referring to irrelevant UN Resolutions.
The UN Resolutions on J&K had to be implemented in a systematic way according to the procedure set by UN as under:
1. UN Secretary General nominates the Plebiscite Administrator;
2.Govt. of J&K with due concurrence of the President of India has to formally appoint the Plebiscite Administrator and set itself aside to bring the state military and civil administration under the direct control of the Plebiscite Administrator;
3. The Pakistan has to draw out all its forces and civilians from the territory of Jammu and Kashmir under its control;
4. India has to minimize its forces in united J&K to the level necessary for maintaining the internal security.
5. The Plebiscite Administrator has to make necessary arrangements for facilitation of a transparent two-option plebiscite in J&K to decide whether at least the simple majority within the state want to live with India or with Pakistan.
The UN Secretary General nominated Admiral Chester W. Nimitz as the Plebiscite Administrator on 11th December 1948. Pakistan was reluctant to withdraw its forces from Jammu and Kashmir so the Cease Fire Line between India and Pakistan was implemented on 1st January 1949. Maharaja Hari Singh had to formally appoint Nimitz as the Plebiscite Administrator but in June the Govt. of India forced the former to opt for self exile in Bombay to avoid the plebiscite. Thus both countries were reluctant to fulfill the preconditions necessary for holding plebiscite in Jammu and Kashmir State.
The people of Kashmir have to underline the facts regarding the conditions in which the Instrument of Accession of J&K with Indian Union was submitte by Hari Singh on 26th October 1947. These facts can be listed as under:
Firstly, Sheikh Mohammad Abdullah under the influence of Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru had changed the name of Muslim Conference into National Conference as early as 1938. Sheikh Abdullah had rejected the ‘Two-Nation Theory’ of Muslim League lead by Mohammad Ali Jinnah.Secondly, after the creation of Pakistan on 14th August 1947 the dominant political party of Kashmir National Conference led by Sheikh Mohammad had decided on 3rd October 1947 to support the accession of Jammu and Kashmir with Indian Union.Thirdly, Pakistan organized the Pakhtoon tribes to raid Kashmir on 22nd October 1947 which compelled the freedom loving Maharaja to have limited accession of Jammu and Kashmir with Indian Union. Fourthly, the Maharaja made the accession of a tribal occupied territory with India, it was cleared only after the Indian soldiers fought very bravely with the armed tribals and Pakistan forces and sacrificed their lives to win back Kashmir. There was also the possibility that even after the Maharaja’s accession the territory would have been lost completely to Pakistan.And lastly, the Kashmiri people welcomed with cheers the Indian troops on 27th October 1947 and considered them as their saviors for decades to come. In 1965 War the Kashmiri people did not support Pakistan and informed Indian agencies about the presence of Pakistani Mujahideen in Kashmir.
The above mentioned facts make it clear that Kashmiries in the initial years of Indo-Kashmir relationship were not much particular about their aazadi and the Pakistan sentiment was almost missing in Kashmir. The Govt. of India promised in written on 27th October 1947 that the wishes of the people with respect to the Maharaja’s accession with India once the law and order is restored in the state. The dismissal and arrest of Abdullah on 9th August 1953, the subsequent erosion of the autonomy of the state, the two decades of anti-India propaganda by Plebiscite Front and the rigging of elections in 1987 became the reasons that alienated the people of Kashmir from the Indian mainstream.
The Kashmiri nation has to struggle within the broad framework of the Instrument of Accession submitted by Maharaja Hari Singh on 26th October 1947 and provisionally accepted by then Governor General of India Lord Mountbatten on 27th October 1947.A transparent Regional Referendum in Jammu and Kashmir is a must to respect the inalienable right of self-determination to the people of Indian Administered Kashmir. India should not shy away from holding a referendum in the state. People of Kashmir want limiting the centre-state relations to the three areas specified in the Instrument Accession.

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